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Shi Lu (石鲁)

Shi Lu (1919-1982) was born as Feng Yaheng in Renshou, Sichuan Province. He entered the Chinese Painting Department of the Dongfang Art School in Chengdu in 1934. In 1940 he went to Yan'an where he created woodcuts, New Year pictures and cartoons on revolutionary themes. He became a member of the Art Work Committee of the Shaan-Gan-Ning Border Area Art Association in 1944 and in 1948, he took up teaching at the Literature and Art Department of Yan'an University. In 1953, he became the head of Northwest Illustrated (Xibei huabao, 西北画报). He visited India and Egypt in 1956-1957, a trip that was to greatly inspire his further work. Acclaimed for his 1959 painting "Fighting in Northern Shaanxi", originally created for the Museum of the Chinese Revolution, he came under criticism for the same painting in 1964. This conflict with the art establishment would exacerbate during the Cultural Revolution.

Sources:

Shelley Drake Hawkes, "Summoning Confucius: Inside Shi Lu's Imagination", in Richard King (ed.), Art in Turmoil -- The Chinese Cultural Revolution, 1966-1976 (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2010), pp. 58-90

Juliane Noth, Landschaft und Revolution. Die Malerei von Shi Lu (Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag, 2009)

Juliane Noth, "Confucius and Tolstoy in India: Shi Lu's Paintings of 1970 and the Socialist Culture of Maoist-Period China", Art History no. 5 vol. 39 (November 2016) pp. 952-983

Michael Sullivan, Modern Chinese Artists - A Biographical Dictionary (Berkeley, etc: University of California Press, 2006)

Zhongguo meishuguan (ed.), 中国美术年鉴 1949-1989 (Guilin: Guangxi meishu chubanshe, 1993)

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