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Xibaipo

Xibaipo (西柏坡) is a village located 80 km. northwest of Shijazhuang, Hebei Province. Here the CCP established its base between 1947-1948 after moving out of Yan'an. From Xibaipo, Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and Zhu De led the military struggle against the Guomindang (Kuomintang).

The victory is at hand - Chairman Mao, Vice-chairman Zhou and Commander-in-chief Zhu at Xibaipo, 1977

The victory is at hand - Chairman Mao, Vice-chairman Zhou and Commander-in-chief Zhu at Xibaipo, 1977

Xibaipo was the last rural command post of the Party before liberating all of China. Here, the National Land Conference was convened. Moreover, the three decisive campaigns against the Nationalist forces were masterminded: the Liaohsi-Shenyang Campaign (12 September-2 November 1948), the Huai-Hai Campaign (or Battle of Xubang, 1948-1949) and the Peiping [Beijing]-Tientsin [Tianjin] Campaign (29 November 1948-31 January 1949).

A million bold warriors cross the Yangzi River, 1960

A million bold warriors cross the Yangzi River, 1960

The original village was submerged when the Gangnan Reservoir was constructed in 1958, but a replica was created nearby. Xibaipo also boasts a Revolutionary Memorial Museum.

Xibaipo, 1977

Xibaipo, 1977

Sources:

"Let Xibaipo Spirit be handed down from generation to generation: Commentary", People's Daily Online , 16 June 2004

Kenneth Pommeranz, "Musings on a Museum: A Trip to Xibaipo", The China Beat , 22 July 2010

Xibaipo Official Website, in Chinese and English

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