Cultural Revolution (1966-1968)
The Cultural Revolution
is a series of campaigns, initiated by Mao, intended to transform China into a truly revolutionary country. Big-character posters are used to denounce people as opponents of the Revolution. Red Guards (pupils and students who swear loyalty to Mao and his Little Red Book
) destroy anything that is branded 'old' and eliminate people considered 'rightists'. The campaigns result effectively in a civil war. The country is in chaos, but the posters only show enthusiasm.