Hu Ruosi (1916-2004) was a native of Zhenjiang, Jiangsu Province. His father educated him in the appreciation of ancient paintings and calligraphy. He was Zhang Daqian's major disciple. At the age of 14, he went to Japan with his teacher and held a solo exhibition. After the establishment of the Shanghai Chinese Painting Academy in 1955, he served as a painter. In 1957, he has also served as a professor at the Shanghai Theater Academy. Specialized in landscape painting, he climbed Huangshan 20 times and lived in the mountain to paint. His works are collected in the National Art Museum of China, the Jiangsu Provincial Museum, the Great Hall of the People, and Zhongnanhai. He also painted landscape paintings for China's first color films "Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai" (梁山伯与祝英台) and "The Stage Art of Mei Lanfang" (梅兰芳的舞台艺术).