Liu Zhide (刘志德)

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liuzhideLiu Zhide (1940) is a native of Huxian, Shaanxi Province. He has been fond of painting and folk art since childhood. He received training at the Mass Art Center of Xianyang district, the Mass Art Center of Shaanxi Province, and at Shaanxi Daily. Liu, who is one of the best-known representatives of the Huxian peasant painters, devoted many of his works to aspects of farm life.

The poster 'Old Party Secretary' from 1973 is considered Liu's masterpiece. It has been reproduced in numerous newspapers and magazines, on stamps and even on other posters.
On the impressum of several editions of this poster, Liu Zhide is identified as Secretary of the Party branch of the Qin Third Production Brigade of the Qindu Commune (秦渡公社秦三大队党支部书记).

Liu has participated in many provincial, national and international exhibitions. He himself has served as Party secretary of his village, and has been the chairman of its cultural center.

Important Art of New China 1949-1979 (China Guardian Auction Catalogue 1997, Beijing)

Jutta Bewig, Bauernmalerei aus Huxian [Peasant Paintings from Huxian] (Frankfurt/M: Gesellschaft für Deutsch-Chinesische Freundschaft, 1979)

Fine Arts Collection Section of the Cultural Group Under the State Council of the People's Republic of China (eds.), Peasant Paintings from Huhsien County (Peking: People's Fine Arts Publishing House, 1976)

Stewart E. Fraser, (ed.), 100 Great Chinese Posters: Recent Examples of 'the People's Art' from the People's Republic of China (New York: Images Graphiques, Inc. 1977)

Maria Galikowski, Art and Politics in China, 1949-1984 (Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 1998)

Guowuyuan wenhuazu meishu zuopin zhengji xiaozu (eds.), Shanghai, Yangquan, Lüda gongrenhua zhanlan zuopin xuanji [Selection of Works from the Exhibition of Workers' Art from Shanghai, Yangquan and Lüda] (Beijing: Renmin meishu chubanshe, 1975) (in Chinese)

Michael Sullivan, Modern Chinese Artists - A Biographical Dictionary (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006)

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