Western languages | Chinese language

Publications on art, design , propaganda and posters in China.

Western language sources

Julia F. Andrews, Painters and Politics in the People's Republic of China 1949-1979 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994) - online at

Julia F. Andrews & Kuiyi Shen, A Century in Crisis. Modernity and Tradition in the Art of Twentieth-Century China (New York: Guggenheim Museum Publications, 1998)

Julia F. Andrews & Kuiyi Shen, The Art of Modern China (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2012)

Dean Ashton, "Huxian's Foolish Old Men Create New Scenes: Huxian Peasant Paintings from the Cultural Revolution and their Ideological Discourses", The Arbutus Review 1 (2010), 44-66

Jean-Yves Bajon, Les années Mao - Une histoire de la Chine en affiches (1949-1979) (Paris: Les Éditions de Pacifique, 2001)

John Bayne, "Nostalgia and Aspiration in Popular Chinese Culture: Urban Calendar Perspectives", Bulletin of the British Association for China Studies 1997, 20-36

Elizabeth Bell (ed.), Art and China's Cultural Revolution. A Guide to the Exhibition (New York: Asia Society, 2008)

Robert Benewick, Facing Left - Power, terror and profit in Chinese iconography (Professorial Lecture given at the University of Sussex on 26 November 1996)

Jutta Bewig (ed.), Bauernmalerei aus Huxian [Peasant Paintings from Huxian] (Frankfurt/M: Gesellschaft für Deutsch-Chinesische Freundschaft, 1979)

Bill Bishop, Badges of Chairman Mao Zedong (1996)

Yomi Braester, "'A Big Dying Vat'. The Vilifying of Shanghai during the Good Eighth Company Campaign", Modern China 31:4 (2005), 411-447

Yomi Braester, "The Political Campaign as Genre: Ideology and Iconography during the Seventeen Years Period", Modern Language Quarterly 69:1 (2008), 119-140

Uradyn E. Bulag, "Models and Moralities: The Parable of the Two 'Heroic Little Sisters of the Grassland'", The China Journal 42 (1999), 21-41

Arnold Chang, Painting in the People's Republic of China: The Politics of Style (Boulder: Westview Press, 1980)

Chen Lüsheng, Chen Du, The new China: New Year pictures 1950s-1990s (Hong Kong: SendPoints Publishing Company Limited, 2018)

Chen Lüsheng, Chen Du, The new China: Posters 1950s-1990s (Hong Kong: SendPoints Publishing Company Limited, 2018)

Chen Xiaomei, "Growing up with posters in the Maoist era", in H. Evans & S. Donald (eds.), Picturing Power in the People's Republic of China: Posters of the Cultural Revolution (New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999), 101-122.

La Chine à l'affiche. Collection d'affiches de Claude Gorsky (Paris: Ramsay, 1997)

Chinese Propaganda Posters (London: Bloomsbury Auctions, 2013)

Chinese Vintage Posters from the Collection of Gerhard Pommeranz-Liedtke (1953 to 1958) and other owners (1965 to 1976) (Köln: Hanstein Verlagsgesellschaft, 2011)

The Chinese Woodcutters' Association, Woodcuts of Wartime China, 1937-1945 (Shanghai: Kaiming Book Company, 1946)

Melissa Chiu & Zheng Shengtian (eds), Art and China's Cultural Revolution (New York: Asia Society, Yale University Press, 2008)

Chou Kai, "Art Goes to the Villages", Peking Review, 1966 n. 5 (January 28), 8-11;

Chun Wen, "Paintings by Workers, Peasants and Soldiers", Peking Review, 1975 n. 1 (January 3), 21-23;

John Clark (ed.), Modernity in Asian Art (Broadway: Wild Peony, 1993)

Joan Lebold Cohen, The New Chinese Painting 1949-1986 (New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1987)

John A. Crespi, China's Modern Sketch -- The Golden Era of Cartoon Art, 1934-1937 (2011);

John A. Crespi, Manhua Modernity -- Chinese Culture and the Pictorial Turn (Oakland: University of California Press, 2020)

Ralph C. Croizier, "Review Article: Chinese Art in the Chiang Ch'ing Era," Journal of Asian Studies 38:2 (1979), 303-311

Ralph C. Croizier, "The Thorny Flowers of 1979: Political Cartoons and Liberalization in China," Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars (ed.), China From Mao to Deng; The Politics and Economics of Socialist Development (Armonk/London: M.E. Sharpe Inc/Zed Press, 1983), 29-38

Ralph C. Croizier, Art and Revolution in Modern China; The Lingnan (Cantonese) School of Painting, 1906-1951 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988)

Lincoln Cushing & Ann Tompkins, Chinese Posters: Art from the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 2007)

Francesca Dal Lago, "Personal Mao: Reshaping an Icon in Contemporary Chinese Art", Art Journal 58:2 (1999), 46-59. Online at:

Francesca Dal Lago, "Activating Images: The Ideological Use of Metapictures and Visualized Metatexts in the Iconography of the Cultural Revolution", Modern Chinese Literature and Culture 21:2, 167-197

Kirk A. Denton, "Visual Memory and the Construction of a Revolutionary Past: Paintings from the Museum of the Chinese Revolution", Modern Chinese Literature and Culture 12:2 (2000), 203-235

Hans van Dijk, "Painting in China after the Cultural Revolution: Style Developments and Theoretical Debates. Part I: 1979-1985," China Information 6:3 (1991/1992), 25-43

Hans van Dijk, "Painting in China after the Cultural Revolution: Style Developments and Theoretical Debates. Part II: 1985-1991," China Information 6:4 (1992), 1-18

Wolfram Eberhard, A Dictionary of Chinese Symbols - Hidden Symbols in Chinese Life and Thought (London/New York: Routledge, 1988)

Johnny Erling & Detlev von Graeve, Tigermaske und Knochengespenst. Die neue Chinesische Karikatur (Köln: Prometh Verlag, 1978)

Ashley Esarey, Daniela Stockmann & Jie Zhang, "Support for Propaganda: Chinese perceptions of public service advertising", Journal of Contemporary China 26:103 (2017), 101-117

Harriet Evans, "Images of Chinese Women in the 1990s", Britain-China No. 53 (1993), 6-9

Harriet Evans & Stephanie Donald (eds), Picturing Power in the People's Republic of China - Posters of the Cultural Revolution (Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 1999)

Gladys Fabre, Zhang Xidan & Bruno Fornari, Roar China! Lu Xun, Masereel en de grafische avant-garde in China, 1919-1949 / Lu Xun, Masereel et l'avant-garde graphique en Chine, 1919-1949 (Gent: Museum voor Schone Kunsten, 2009)

Fine Arts Collection Section of the Cultural Group Under the State Council of the People's Republic of China (eds.), Peasant Paintings from Huhsien County (Peking: People's Fine Arts Publishing House, 1976)

James A. Flath, The Cult of Happiness - Nianhua, Art, and History in Rural North China (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2004)

Stewart E. Fraser (ed.), 100 Great Chinese Posters: Recent Examples of "the People's Art" from the People's Republic of China (New York: Images Graphiques, Inc., 1977)

Maria Galikowski, Arts and Politics in China, 1949-1984 (Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 1998)

Jacopo Galimberti, Noemi de Haro-García & Victoria H.F. Scott (eds), Art, Global Maoism and the Chinese Cultural Revolution (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2020)

Guy Gallice & Claude Hudelot, Le Mao (Rodez, 2009)

Mary Ginsberg, The art of influence. Asian propaganda (London: The British Museum, 2013)

Mary Ginsberg, "People's Republic of China, 1949-", in Mary Ginsberg (ed.), Communist Posters (London: Reaktion Books, 2017), 175-223

Gong Qian, "Masters of the Nation: Representation of the industrial worker in films of the Cultural Revolution Period (1966-1976)", China Perspectives 2015:2

Jerg Haas, et al., Holzschnitt im neuen China - Zeitgenössige Graphik aus der Volksrepublik China [Woodcuts in new China - Contemporary Graphics from the People's Republic of China] (Berlin: Gesellschaft für Verständigung und Freundschaft mit China e.V., 1977)

He Jianping, Entwicklungsgeschichte des Plakates in China. Anfang 10. Jahrhundert bis Ende Kulturrevolution (Berlin, 2012)

Marien van der Heijden, Stefan R. Landsberger, Chinese Propaganda Posters (Amsterdam: IISH, 2008)

Marien van der Heijden, Stefan R. Landsberger, Kuiyi Shen, Chinese Posters. The IISH-Landsberger Collections (München: Prestel, 2009)

Christian Henriot & Wen-hsin Yeh (eds.), Visualising China, 1845-1965. Moving and Still images in Historical Narratives (Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2013)

Beatriz Hernández, Mao, China y los "Otros". Representación de los Yizu (异族) o extranjeros occidentales en los carteles de propaganda durante le República Popular China (1949-1976) (Lisboa: Instituto Internacional de Macau, 2014)

Katie Hill (ed.), The Political Body. Posters from the People's Republic of China in the 1960s and 1970s (Westminster, 2004)

Denise Y. Ho, Curating Revolution. Politics on Display in Mao's China (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018)

David L. Holm, Art and Ideology in Revolutionary China (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991)

Abigail Holst, Chinese Propaganda Posters in Mao’s Patriotic Health Movements: From Four Pests to SARS (BA Thesis, Emory University, Atlanta, 2016)

Chang-tai Hung, "The Anti-Unity Sect Campaign and Mass Mobilization in the Early People's Republic of China", The China Quarterly (2010), 400-420

Chang-tai Hung, "The Cult of the Red Martyr: Politics of Commemoration in China", Journal of Contemporary History 43:2 (2008), 279-304

Chang-tai Hung, "The Dance of Revolution: Yangge in Beijing in the early 1950s", The China Quarterly (2005), 82-99

Chang-tai Hung, Mao's New World. Political Culture in the Early People's Republic (Ithaca, London: Cornell University Press, 2011)

Chang-tai Hung, "Mao's Parades: State Spectacles in China in the 1950s", The China Quarterly (2007),  411-431

Chang-tai Hung, "Oil Paintings and Politics: Weaving a Heroic Tale of the Chinese Communist Revolution", Comparative Studies in Society and History 49:4 (2007), 783-814

Chang-tai Hung, "Repainting China: New Year Prints (Nianhua) and Peasant Resistance in the Early Years of the People's Republic", Comparative Studies in Society and History 42:4 (2000), 770-810

Chang-tai Hung, "Research Report: Revolutionary History in Stone: The Making of a Chinese National Monument", The China Quarterly (2001), 457-473

Chang-tai Hung, "Two Images of Socialism: Woodcuts in Chinese Communist Politics", Comparative Studies in Society and History 39 (1997), 34-60

Chang-tai Hung, War and Popular Culture - Resistance in Modern China, 1937-1945 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994)

Richard King (ed.), Art in Turmoil. The Chinese Cultural Revolution, 1966-76 (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2010)

E. Stuart Kirby (ed.), Contemporary China 1955 (London: Oxford University Press, 1956)

Michael Knight, Dany Chan (eds.), Shanghai. Art of the City (San Francisco, Asian Art Museum, 2010)

Heike Kotzenberg, Uchiyama Kakitsu, Der revolutionäre Holzschnitt Chinas. Künstler aus dem Umkreis von Lu Xun. Sammlung des Museums für moderne Kunst, Kamakura (Köln: Museum für Ostasiatische Kunst, 1987)

Jason Kuo (ed.), Visual Culture in Shanghai, 1850s-1930s (Washington: New Academia Publishing, 2007)

Ellen Johnston Laing, "Chinese Peasant Painting, 1958-1976: Amateur and Professional", Art International 27:1, 1-12

Ellen Johnston Laing, The Winking Owl: Art in the People's Republic of China (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988)

Ellen Johnston Laing, Selling Happiness - Calendar Posters and Visual Culture in Early-Twentieth-Century Shanghai (Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2004)

Stefan R. Landsberger, "Art and China's Revolution, Edited by Melissa Chiu & Shengtian Zheng, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2008", The China Quarterly 200 (2009), 1107-1109. doi:10.1017/S0305741009990762

Stefan R. Landsberger, "But What Did It Look Like?"The PRC History Review 4:2 (2019), 32-35

Stefan R. Landsberger, "China Dreaming. Representing the Perfect Present, Anticipating the Rosy Future", Valjakka, Minna & Wang, Meiqin (eds.), Visual Arts, Representations and Interventions in Contemporary China: Urbanized Interface (Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2018), 147-177. doi: 10.5117/9789462982239/ch05

Stefan R. Landsberger, Chinese Propaganda Posters - From Revolution to Modernization (Amsterdam, Singapore/Armonk: The Pepin Press/M.E. Sharpe 1995, 1998/1996)

Stefan R. Landsberger, "Collecting Chinese Propaganda Posters", in Ruth E. Iskin & Britany Salsbury (eds), Collecting Prints, Posters, and Ephemera -- Perspectives in a Global World (New York: Bloomsbury Publishing Inc., 2020), 212-227

Stefan R. Landsberger, "Confessions of a poster collector", China Information (Anniversary Supplement, Summer 1994) 37-41

Stefan R. Landsberger, "Contextualising (Propaganda) Posters", in Christian Henriot & Wen-hsin Yeh (eds.), Visualising China, 1845-1965. Moving and Still images in Historical Narratives (Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2013), 379-405

Stefan R. Landsberger, "Creating China Visually: Collecting Chinese Propaganda Posters", Harvard International Review (online) 22 September 2019

Stefan R. Landsberger, "The Deification of Mao: Religious Imagery and Practices during the Cultural Revolution and Beyond", in Woei Lien Chong (ed.), China's Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution: Master Narratives and Post-Mao Counternarratives (Asia/Pacific/Perspectives) (Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2002)

Stefan R. Landsberger, "Dreaming the Chinese Dream. How the People’s Republic of China Moved from Revolutionary Goals to Global Ambitions", in: International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity Vol. 2, No. 3, 2014 pp 245–274

Stefan R. Landsberger, "Encountering the European and Western Other in Chinese Propaganda Posters", in Michael Wintle (ed.), Imagining Europe. Europe and European Civilisation as Seen from its Margins and by the Rest of the World, in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries (Bruxelles: Peter Lang, 2009), 147-176

Stefan R. Landsberger, "Faces of Mao", in Luciano Cheles & Alessandro Giacone (eds), The Political Portrait -- Leadership, Image and Power (New York: Routledge, 2020), 150-168

Stefan R. Landsberger, "The future visualized: Chinese propaganda art in the modernization era" China Information 8:4 (1994) 15-41

Stefan R. Landsberger, 'Ik wil een geweldige Chinees zijn!'. De maakbare Chinese mens in tijden van globalisering en sociale media (Leiden: HOVO, Universiteit Leiden, 2012)

Stefan R. Landsberger, "Learning by What Example? Educational Propaganda in Twenty-first-Century China", Critical Asian Studies 33:4 (2001), 541-571

Stefan R. Landsberger, "'Life as it ought to be': propaganda art of the PRC", IIAS Newsletter 48 (2008), 26-27

Stefan R. Landsberger, "Mao Posters", The Mao Era in Objects London: King's College, 2019)

Stefan R. Landsberger, Paint it Red - Fifty years of Chinese Propaganda Posters (Groningen: Intermed Publishers, 1998)

Stefan R. Landsberger, "Propaganda Posters in the Reform Era: Promoting Patriotism or Providing Public Information?" in Frank Columbus (ed.), Asian Economic And Political Issues, vol. 10, (New York: Nova Science Publishers Inc., 2004)

Stefan Landsberger, "Realising the Chinese Dream: three visions of making China great again", in Jacopo Galimberti, Noemi de Haro-García & Victoria H.F. Scott (eds), Art, Global Maoism and the Chinese Cultural Revolution (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2020), 15-33

Stefan R. Landsberger, "La science est une force de production", Parlement[s], Revue d'histoire politique 18 (2012), 85-94

Stefan R. Landsberger, "The State versus Mammon - State propaganda meets its match", Affiche 12 (1994/1995), 42-55

Stefan R. Landsberger, "Zur Plakatpropaganda der Kulturrevolution", Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, 2016 nr 23 (6 June), 17-21

Stefan R. Landsberger & Marien van der Heijden, Chinese Propaganda Posters (Amsterdam, 2009)

Daniel Leese, Mao Cult - Rhetoric and Ritual in China's Cultural Revolution (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011)

Li Yu, Representations of Ethnic Minorities in Chinese Propaganda Posters 1957-1983

Li Xin (ed.), Glorious Course. Collection of New Year Pictures & Picture Posters (Shanghai: Shanghai renmin meishu chubanshe, 2016)

Li Zhensheng, Red-Color News Soldier - A Chinese Photographer's Odyssey through the Cultural Revolution (London: Phaidon Press, 2003)

Lu Hung, "Some Outstanding Peasant Paintings", Chinese Literature 1977 nr. 3, 98-102

Lu Keqin, China in New Year Paintings (Beijing: China Intercontinental Press, 2010)

Xin-An Lu, "Dazhai: Imagistic Rhetoric as a Cultural Instrument", American Communication Journal 5:1 (2001), 1-26;

Lu Xing, Rethoric of the Chinese Cultural Revolution - The Impact on Chinese Thought, Culture and Communication (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2004)

Mao and the Arts of New China. Including the Collection of Susan and Peter Wain (London: Bloomsbury Auctions, 2009)

Lev Menshikov (ed.), Chinese Popular Prints (Leningrad: Aurora Art Publishers, 1988)

Anchee Min, Duo Duo & Stefan R. Landsberger, Chinese Propaganda Posters: From the Collection of Michael Wolf (Köln: Taschen, 2003)

Scott Minick & Jiao Ping, Chinese Graphic Design in the Twentieth Century (London: Thames and Hudson Ltd., 1990)

Rana Mitter, A Bitter Revolution: China's Struggle with the Modern World (Making of the Modern World) (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004)

Barbara Mittler, A Continuous Revolution: Making Sense of Cultural Revolution Culture (Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center, 2012)

Andrew J. Nathan & Robert S. Ross, The Great Wall and the Empty Fortress - China's Search for Security (New York etc.: W.W. Norton & Company 1997)

Ng Chun Bong et al., Chinese Woman and Modernity -- Calendar Posters of the 1910s-1930s (Hong Kong: Joint Publishing [H.K.] Co., 1996)

Enzo Nizza (ed.), Il popolo Cinese. 103 manifesti dalla Rivoluzione culurale a oggi (Milano, 1973)

Helmut Opletal (ed.), Die Kultur der Kulturrevolution. Personenkult und politisches Design im China von Mao Zedong (Gent/Kortrijk: Snoeck publishers, 2011)

Helmut Opletal (ed.), Mao, Kitsch und Propaganda. Die Sammlung Helmut Opletal (Wien: Galerie Atrium ed Arte, 1997)

Lynn Pan, Shanghai Style. Art and Design Between the Wars (Hong Kong: Joint Publishing co, 2008)

Laikwan Pang, The Art of Cloning: Creative Production During China’s Cultural Revolution (London: Verso Books, 2017)

Peasant Paintings from Hu County, Shensi Province, China (London: Arts Council, 1976)

Peasant Paintings from Huhsien County (Beijing 1976)

The People's Progress. Twentieth Century Chinese Woodcuts (Sydney: Art Gallery of NSW, 1996)

People's Publishing House of Shantung (eds.), New Year Pictures of Weifang, Shantung (Jinan: People's Publishing House of Shantung, 1978)

Gerhard Pommeranz-Liedtke, Chinesische Neujahrsbilder (Dresden: Verlag der Kunst, 1961)

Poster Power. Images from Mao’s China, then and now. Posters from the University of Westminster Chinese Poster Collection (London: University of Westminster, 2011;

Patricia Powell, Shitao Huo, Mao's Graphic Voice. Pictorial Posters from the Cultural Revolution (Wisconsin, 1996)

Patricia Powell, Joseph Wong, "Propaganda Posters from the Chinese Cultural Revolution", The Historian
Vol. 59, No. 4 (1997), 777-793

Laura Pozzi, "The Cultural Revolution in Images: Caricature Posters from Guangzhou, 1966–1977", Cross-Currents: East Asian History and Culture Review 27 (2018);

Precious Memories Stored. Ha Qiongwen Picture-poster Show (Xuhui, 2005)

Rawanchaikul Toshiko, Horikawa Lisa (eds.), China Dream. Another Flow of Chinese Modern Art (Fukuoka: Fukuoka Asian Art Museum, 2004)

Frank Rainer Scheck, Chinesische Malerei seit der Kulturrevolution: Eine Dokumentation (Köln: Verlag M. DuMont Schauberg, 1975)

Andreas Seifert, Bildgeschichten für Chinas Massen: Comic und Comicproduktion im 20. Jahrhundert (Köln etc.: Böhlau, 2008)

Andreas Seifert, Christine Moll-Murata, Aufbruch ins sozialistische Paradies – Propagandaplakate der frühen Volksrepublik China (Bochum: Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 2018) - online at

Shen Kuiyi, "Publishing Posters Before the Cultural Revolution", Modern Chinese Literature and Culture 12:2 ( 2000), 177-202

Shen Kuiyi, "Propaganda Posters in China", in: Marien van der Heijden, Stefan R. Landsberger, Kuiyi Shen, Chinese Posters. The IISH-Landsberger Collections (München: Prestel, 2009), 8-20 - online at

Philip Short, Mao. A life (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1999)

Jerome Silbergeld, with Gong Jisui, Contradictions: Artistic Life, the Socialist State and the Chinese Painter Li Huasheng (Seattle, London: University of Washington Press, 1993)

Steve A. Smith, "Local Cadres Confront the Supernatural: The Politics of Holy Water (Shenshui) in the PRC, 1949-1966", The China Quarterly (2006), 999-1022

Steve A. Smith, "Talking Toads and Chinless Ghosts: The Politics of 'Superstitious' Rumors in the People's Republic of China, 1961-1965", American Historical Review, April 2006, 404-427

Michael Sullivan, "Art in Today's China: Social Ethics as an Esthetic", Art News September 1974, 55-57

Michael Sullivan, Modern Chinese Artists - A Biographical Dictionary (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006)

Xiaobing Tang, Origins of the Chinese Avant-garde. The Modern Woodcut Movement (Berkeley, London: University of California Press, 2008)

Xiaobing Tang, Visual Culture in Contemporary China: Paradigms and Shifts (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015)

Tsai Jo-hung, "New Year's Pictures - A People's Art", in: People's China 16 Feb 1950, 12-18 - online at

Shelagh Vainker & Weimin He, Chinese Prints 1950-2006 in the Ashmolean Museum (Oxford: Ashmolean Museum, 2007)

Minna Valjakka, "Inciting Mental Terror as Effective Governmental Control: Chinese Propaganda Posters During the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976)", in Matti Hyvärinen & Lisa Muszynski (eds.), Terror and the Arts. Artistic, Literary, and Political Interpretations of Violence from Dostoyevsky to Abu Ghraib (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008), 165-184

Minna Valjakka, Many faces of Mao Zedong (Helsinki: UNIGRAFIA Helsinki University Print, 2011)

Vintage Chinese Posters (London: Bloomsbury Auctions, 2006)

Clarissa von Spee (ed.), The Printed Image in China. From the 8th to the 21st Centuries (London: The British Museum Press, 2010

Iris Wachs, Magical Shapes. Twentieth Century Chinese Papercuts (Tel Aviv: Eretz Israel Museum, 2004)

Iris Wachs & Chang Tsong-zung, Half a Century of Chinese Woodblock Prints (Ein Harod: Museum of Art Ein Harod, 1999)

Iris Wachs & Haim Finkelstein, Poetry, Painting and Politics. Chinese Urban Woodblock Printing Studios in an Age of Revolution 1949-2000 (Beer-Sheva 2003)

Helen Wang, Chairman Mao Badges: Symbols and Slogans of the Cultural Revolution (London: British Museum, 2008)

Wang Shucun (ed.), Ancient Chinese Woodblock New Year Prints (Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 1985)

C.A.S. Williams, Outlines of Chinese Symbolism & Art Motives (New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1976)

Wu Hung, Remaking Beijing - Tiananmen Square and the Creation of a Political Space (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2005)

Wu Hung, "Television in Contemporary China", October 125 (Summer 2008), 65-90

Yan Geng, "Performing Authority. Mao Zedong's Image at the Founding of the People's Republic", in Burglind Jungmann et al (eds), Shifting Paradigms in East Asian Visual Culture. A Festschrift in honour of Lothar Ledderose (Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag, 2012)

Yan Geng, Mao’s Images. Artists and China’s 1949 transition (Wiesbaden: J.B. Metzler, 2018)

Yan Jiaqi & Gao Gao (translated & edited by D.W.Y. Kwok), Turbulent Decade - A History of the Cultural Revolution (Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 1996)

Pearl Young, Yang Pei Ming (eds.), Chinese Propaganda Poster Collection (Shanghai: Shanghai Propaganda Poster Art Center, 2013

Chinese language sources

Beijingshi jiaoyuju geming lingdao xiaozu zhongxue jiaocai bianxiezu [北京市教育局革命领导小组中学教材编写组, Editorial writing small group for educational secondary school materials under the revolutionary leading small group of the Beijing municipal education office] (ed.), Beijingshi zhongxue geming wenyike meishu jiaoxue cankao ziliao [北京市中学革命文艺课美术教学参考资料, Educational reference materials for teaching fine arts in revolutionary art classes in Beijing municipal secondary schools] (Beijing: Xinhua shudian, 1970)

Chen Lusheng (陈履生), Xin Zhongguo meishu tushi - 1949-1966 [新中国美术图史, The Art History of the People's Republic of China - 1949-1966] (Beijing: Zhongguo qingnian chubanshe, 2000)

Chen Tongheng, Zenyang xue manhua [How to study cartoons] (Shanghai: Silian chubanshe, 1954)

Dayuejin tuhua cankao ziliao [大跃进图画参考资料, Reference Materials for Great Leap Forward Pictures] (Tianjin: Tianjin meishu chubanshe, 1958)

Disijie quanguo nianhua zhan huojiang zuopinxuan [第四届全国年华展获奖作品选, Winning Entries from the Fourth National Chinese New Year Pictures Competition] (Beijing: Renmin meishu chubanshe, 1990)

Dong Zhongchao (董忠朝), 红花 (Hong hua), Red pictores 1966-1978 ([Hong Kong]: Zhongguo guo ji tu shu chubanshe, 2011)

Fenghuo xi danqing (Beijing: Xuexi chubanshe, 2005)

Gao Xin (高新) & He Pin (何頻), Gaogan dang'an: Zhonggong quangui guanxi shidian [高幹檔案:中共權貴關係事典, Dossiers of high cadres: A factual dictionary of the relations of influential officials of the Chinese Communist Party] (Taipei: Xin Xinwen Zhoukan, 1993)

Geming da pipan baotou xuanji [革命大批判报头选集, A selection of revolutionary great criticism mastheads] (Hangzhou: Zhejiang renmin meishu chubanshe, 1970)

Guo Lei (郭磊), Xin Zhongguo tiyu xuanchuanhua tudian (1952-2012) [激励中国:新中国体育宣传画图典, Inspire China: New China Sports Posters] (Beijing: Contemporary China Publishing House, 2012)

Guowuyuan wenhuazu meishu zuopin zhengji xiaozu (国务院文化组美术作品征集小组) (eds.), Jinian Mao zhuxi 'Zai Yan'an wenyi zuotanhuishangde jianghua' fabiao sanshi zhounian meishu zuopinxuan [纪念毛主席《在延安文艺座谈会上的讲话》发表三十周年美术作品选, Selection of Fine Arts' Works to commemorate the Thirtieth Anniversary of the Publication of Chairman Mao's 'Talks at the Yan'an Conference on Literature and Art'] (Beijing: Renmin meishu chubanshe, 1973)

Guowuyuan wenhuazu meishu zuopin zhengji xiaozu (国务院文化组美术作品征集小组) (eds.), Shanghai, Yangquan, Lüda gongrenhua zhanlan zuopin xuanji [上海阳泉旅大工人画展览作品选集, Selection of Works from the Exhibition of Workers' Art from Shanghai, Yangquan and Lüda] (Beijing: Renmin meishu chubanshe, 1975)

Ha Qiongwen (哈琼文) (Shanghai: Shanghai renmin meishu chubanshe, 2009)

Ha Qiongwende lao xuanchuan hua [哈琼文老宣传画, Ha Qiongwen's old propaganda paintings] (Shanghai: Shanghai huabao chubanshe, 2001)

Hebei renmin chubanshe (河北人民出版社) (eds), Nongcun meishu shouce [农村美术手册, Handbook for art in rural villages] (Shijiazhuang: Hebei renmin chubanshe, 1975)

Hongse huihua zhi lu - Feng Jianqin xiang zhongguo meishu guan juanzeng xuanchuan hua zuopin tu ji (红色绘画之路 - 冯健亲向中国美术馆捐赠宣传画作品图集) (Bejijng: NAMOC, 2017)

Huashuo 'Sange daibiao' bianweihui (画说'三个代表'编委会) (ed.), Huashuo 'Sange daibiao' [画说'三个代表', The 'Three Represents' in pictures] (Nanchang: Jiangxi jiaoyu chubanshe, 2002)

Jin Meisheng zuopin xuanji [金梅生作品选集作品选集, Selected works by Jin Meisheng] (Shanghai: Shanghai renmin meishu chubanshe, 1985)

Lin Qing (闾小波), Mao zhuxi: jinian Mao Zedong danchen 121 zhounian yingxiang jingdian. Meishu juan (Beijing: Renmin meishu chubanshe, 2015)

Lou Qijing (娄启倞), Nianhua de gushi [年画的故事, The Story of New Year pictures] (Beijing: Zhongguo minzu wenhua chubanshe, 2020)

Lu Keqin (陆克勤), Nianhua shoucang [年画收藏, Collecting New Year pictures] (Hangzhou: Zhejiang daxue chubanshe, 2006)

Lü Xiaobo, Bainian chuanmei bianqian [百年传媒变迁, A hundred years of changes in the media] (Nanjing: Jiangsu meishu chubanshe, 2002)

Meishu zuopiu xuanji. Zhongua quanguo jiao xue yishu gongzuo zhe daibiao dahui yishu zhaulau hui [美术作品选集。中华全国文学艺术工作者代表大会艺术展览会, Selected works of art products. China National Educational Artworkers' Congress, convening for the art exhibition] (s.l., 1950)

Nongye shengchan gongju cankao ziliao [Reference materials for agricultural production tools] (Shanghai renmin meishu chubanshe, 1965)

Renmin meishu chubanshe bianjishi (eds.), Ba pi Lin pi Kong de douzheng jinxing daodi meishu zuopinxuan [Selection of fine arts' works to carry forward to the end the struggle to criticize Lin (Piao) and Kong (Confucius)] (Beijing: Renmin meishu chubanshe, 1974)

Renmin meishu chubanshe (人民美术出版社) (eds.), Gaoju Mao zhuxide weida qizhi shengli qianjin meishu zuopinxuan [Selection of Fine Arts' Works to Promote the Victory of Holding aloft the Great Banner of Chairman Mao] (Beijing: Renmin meishu chubanshe, 1977)

Renmin meishu chubanshe (人民美术出版社) (eds.), Gongnongbing xingxiang xuan [工农兵形象选, Selection of images of workers, peasants and soldiers], vols. 2 and 3 (Tianjin: Tianjin renmin meishu chubanshe, 1973 [vol. 2], 1975 [vol. 3])

Renmin meishu chubanshe (人民美术出版社) (eds.), Qingzhu Zhongguo renmin jiefangjun jianjun wushi zhounian meishu zuopinxuan [庆祝中国人民解放军建军五十周年美术作品选, Selection of Fine Arts' Works to Celebrate the Fiftieth Anniversary of the founding of the Chinese People's Liberation Army] (Beijing: Renmin meishu chubanshe, 1978)

Shandong minjian nianhua [山东民间年画, Popular New Year Prints from Shandong] (Shanghai: Shanghai renmin meishu chubanshe, 1979)

Shanghai gongren meishu zuopinxuan [Selected Artworks of Workers from Shanghai] (Shanghai: Shanghai renmin chubanshe, 1975

Shanghai renmin chubanshe (eds.), Renwuhua cankao ziliao [Reference materials for drawings of human beings] (Shanghai: Shanghai renmin chubanshe, 1973)

Shanghai renmin meishu chubanshe (eds), Nongye shengchan gongju cankao ziliao (Reference Materials for Agricultural Production Tools) (Shanghai: Shanghai renmin meishu chubanshe, 1965)

Shen Qian & Zhong Shi, Shiyong meishu zi hua [Applied calligraphy and images] (Shanghai: Tongren shushi, 1951)

Shen Tongheng, Zenyang xue manhua [How to study caricature] (Shanghai: Silian chubanshe, 1955)

Song Jiang, Ma An, Li Ming (eds.), Zhongguo hua yu [Language in Chinese Art] (Beijing: Zhongguo minzu sheying yishu chubanshe, 1998)

Tao Yongbai (ed.), Zhongguo youhua 1700-1985 [Oil Painting in China] (Nanjing: Jiangsu meishu chubanshe, 1993)

Tian Si [Stefan Landsberger] & Ou Ning, "Zhongguo xuanchuanhua: cong geming dao xiandaihua" [Chinese propaganda posters: from revolution to reform], Zhoumo huabao biece, no. 21 (2003), pp. 22-27

Tianjin meishu zuopinxuan [Selection of Fine Arts' Works from Tianjin] (Tianjin: Tianjin renmin meishu chubanshe, 1979)

Tianjin renmin meishu chubanshe (eds.), Gongnongbing xingxiang xuan [Selection of images of workers, peasants and soldiers], vols. 2 and 3 (Tianjin: Tianjin renmin meishu chubanshe, 1973 [vol. 2], 1975 [vol. 3])

Wang Mingxian et al., Xin Zhongguo meishu tushi - 1966-1976 [The Art History of the People's Republic of China - 1966-1976] (Beijing: Zhongguo qingnian chubanshe, 2000)

Wang Yuqing, Zhang cai tie hong : 1915-1976 meishu zhangtie yu xiandai Zhongguo (Beijing: Zhongguo qingnian chubanshe, 2014)

Wu Yongmei, Pui-tak Lee (eds.), Tu xiang yu shangye wenhua: Fenxi zhongguo jindai guanggao [Graphic Images and Consumer Culture: Analysis of Modern Advertising Culture in China] (Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2014)

Xia Weizhong, Bainian shangye bianqian [A hundred years of changes in commerce] (Nanjing: Jiangsu meishu chubanshe, 2000)

Xiao Wule, Jiqing shishang - 70 niandai Zhongguo rende yishu yu shenghuo [The fashion of fervor - art and life of the Chinese of the 1970s] (Jinan: Shandong huabao chubanshe, 2002)

Xuanchuanhua cankao ziliao huibian [Collection of Reference Materials for Propaganda Pictures] (Beijing: Renmin meishu chubanshe, 1953)

Yang Dekang & Lan Chen, Shiyong meishuzi [Applied art lettering] (Beijing: Chaohua meishu chubanshe, 1966)

Yang Kelin (ed.), Wenhua dageming bowuguan [Museum of the Cultural Revolution] (Hong Kong: Dongfang chubanshe youxian gongsi, Tiandi tushu youxian gongsi, 1995)

Yangliuqing nianhuaxuan [Selection of New Year Prints from Yangliuqing] (Tianjin: Tianjin renmin meishu chubanshe, 1979)

Yangquanshi renmin wenhuaguan (eds.), Yangquan gongren huaxuan [Selection of Workers' Art from Yangquan] (Beijing: Renmin meishu chubanshe, 1975)

Yi Bin (ed.), Lao Shanghai guanggao [Advertisement of the Old Time Of Shanghai] (Shanghai: Shanghai huabao chubanshe, 1995)

Yijiugiwunian guanguo nianhua, shaonian ertong meishu zuopin zhanian [Selection of New Year Prints. National Exhibition of New Year Prints and Youth and Children's Art 1975] (Beijing: Renmin Meishu Chubanshe, 1977)

Zhang Yanfeng, "Lao yuefenpai guanggaohua" [Old Calendar Advertisements Posters], Hansheng zazhi [Echo Magazine], Nos 61 and 62 (Taipei, January-February 1994)

Zhongguo geming bowuguan (ed.), Zhongguo geming bowuguan canhua ji [The Album of Paintings Collected by the Museum of Chinese Revolution ] (Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe, 1991)

Zhongguo meishuguan (ed.), Zhongguo meishu nianjian 1949-1989 [Yearbook of Chinese Art, 1949-1989] (Guilin: Guangxi meishu chubanshe, 1993)

Zhongguo renmin jiefangjun di'erjie meishu zuopin zhanian hui yeyu meishu zuopin xuanji [Chinese People's Liberation Army Selections of Amateur Art Works of the Second Art Works Exhibition] (Shanghai: Shanghai renmin chubanshe, 1960)

Zou Yuejin, Xin Zhongguo meishu shi 1949-2000 [A History of Chinese Fine Arts 1949-2000] (Changsha: Hunan meishu chubanshe, 2002)

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