Zhao Yannian (赵延年)

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zhaoyannianZhao Yannian (1924-2014) was born in Huzhou, Zhejiang Province. In 1938, he entered the Shanghai Fine Arts Training Institute, where he studied both Western and Chinese art. He graduated from the Department of Fine Arts of the Guangdong Provincial Wartime Art Academy in 1941 and joined the All China Association of Anti-Enemy Woodcut Artists in the same year. He joined the Shanghai People's Fine Arts Publishing House after 1949. In 1950, he began to teach at the Huadong (East China) branch of the Central Academy of Fine Arts in Hangzhou. He lost his post during the Cultural Revolution and resumed his teaching duties in 1972. His innovative use of cutting and printing techniques has influenced several generations of printmakers in China.

Zhao was professor of the Central Academy of Fine Arts, member of the council of the Chinese Artists Association, advisor to the Chinese Transfer Makers Association, and honorary director of the Zhejiang Transfer Makers Association. He cooperated with Yu Yunjie.

Zhao is known for his woodblocks, but may be best remembered for his numerous cartoons, New Year pictures, cartoon strips and propaganda designs. He is renowned for his illustrations of Lu Xun's stories.

Important Art of New China 1949-1979 (China Guardian Auction Catalogue 1997, Beijing)

Beijing yuyan xueyuan Zhongguo yishujia cidian bianweihui, Zhongguo yishujia cidian -- Xiandai diyi fence (Changsha: Hunan renmin chubanshe, 1981) [in Chinese]

Chen Lusheng, Xin Zhongguo meishu tushi - 1949-1966 [The Art History of the People's Republic of China - 1949-1966] (Beijing: Zhongguo qingnian chubanshe, 2000) [in Chinese]

Kuiyi Shen, "Publishing Posters Before the Cultural Revolution", Modern Chinese Literature and Culture 12:2 (2000), 177-202

Shelagh Vainker & Weimin He, Chinese Prints 1950-2006 in the Ashmolean Museum (Oxford: Ashmolean Museum, 2007)

Iris Wachs and Chang Tsong-zung, Half a Century of Chinese Woodblock Prints - From the Communist Revolution to the Open-Door Policy and Beyond (The Museum of Art Ein Harod, 1999)

Zhao Yannian, "Thunder Sounding amid the Silence", in: Melissa Chiu, Zheng Shengtian, Art and China's Cultural Revolution (New York: Asia Society, Yale University Press, 2008), 85-88

Zhongguo meishuguan (ed.), 中国美术年鉴 1949-1989 (Guilin: Guangxi meishu chubanshe, 1993)

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