A long-term plan formulated by the CCP and the government to mobilize farmers and all forces to comprehensively improve farmers' material and cultural lives by developing agricultural production as the center, promoting the construction of socialist agriculture, and comprehensively improving farmers' material and cultural lives on the basis of developing and improving agricultural co-operation. The formulation process took place in the second half of 1955.
In order to welcome and promote the upcoming upsurge in agricultural production that was expected at that time, Mao Zedong and party committee secretaries of some provinces and autonomous regions jointly agreed on the "Seventeen Articles" on national agricultural development issues in November 1955. Subsequently, under the chairmanship of Mao Zedong, the "Seventeen Articles" were expanded into the "National Agricultural Development Program from 1956 to 1967 (Draft)", which was submitted to the Supreme State Council for discussion by the Political Bureau of the CCP on January 23, 1956 and then announced.
In October 1957, the Third Plenary Session of the Eighth CC of the CCP basically adopted the revised and supplemented "National Agricultural Development Program from 1956 to 1967 (Amended Draft)" and decided to distribute the revised draft to rural areas across the country for discussion. In May 1958, the Second Session of the Eighth National Congress of the CCP adopted in principle the "National Agricultural Development Program from 1956 to 1967 (Second Revised Draft)" and entrusted the CCP CC to make necessary revisions. On April 10, 1960, the National Agricultural Development Program from 1956 to 1967 was adopted by the second session of the Second National People's Congress and the National Agricultural Development Program from 1956 to 1967 was promulgated, and the people of the country were called on to strive for the realization of this program.
With eight posters in the collection, the set is incomplete: provisions 35-40 are missing.